Obesity and Weight Management

What is obesity?

weighing scale, measuring tape, and apple

Obesity is the medical condition of having excess body fat, which may have a negative impact on health and longevity.

What are the symptoms of obesity?

two men jogging at sunrise

A person is considered to be obese if their Body Mass Index (BMI) is calculated at being 30 and over. Other related indicators include breathlessness, increased sweating, snoring, fatigue, bone, and joint pain, and low self-esteem.

What are the causes of and risk factors for obesity?

The main causes of obesity are inactivity and an unhealthy diet. Other contributing factors include genetic, behavioural, and hormonal influences.

There are a number of different risk factors for obesity such as genetics, medical issues, certain medications, lifestyle, inactivity, unhealthy diet, age, quitting smoking, pregnancy, and lack of sleep. Without intervention, a combination of these elements may contribute to obesity.

Enquire with our endocrinologists.

Did you know?

The prevalence of obesity among Singapore’s adult residents has increased. The Health Promotion Board is focusing on advocating a healthy and active lifestyle to combat the increase of obesity.¹

What are the possible complications of obesity?

feet of a jogger at sunrise

Obesity affects the overall quality of life and may lead to depression, social isolation, guilt, and sexual problems. Medically speaking, the complications for obesity are many and varied.

An obese person is more likely to suffer from high cholesterol, Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, arthritis, heart problems, stroke, fatty liver disease, breathing problems, sleep disorders, gynecological problems, sexual health issues, cancer, metabolic disease, and gallbladder disease.

When should I see a specialist for weight management?

If you have a BMI of 30 and over, you may wish to seek the help of an endocrinologist to screen for hormonal causes towards your weight. Their professional advice, care, and support will be indispensable in achieving your weight loss goals.

How should I prepare for my appointment?

If you have decided to consult a specialist, it means you are ready to make some lifestyle changes and commit to losing weight. Your specialist will need you to be honest and open in discussing the details of your weight, diet, and exercise habits.

Prepare a list of questions prior to your appointment to be sure you feel well-informed and confident in what you can expect from your treatment options. It is also important to provide information on your medical history, any allergies you may have or medications you are taking.

What weight management treatments are available for obesity?

The most significant weight management treatment is cutting calories. By working with your specialist, if this treatment is appropriate for your situation, you will learn to reduce the number of calories you consume and eat more healthily. Combining this with light, regular exercise is essential.

Weight loss medication is another option, as well as surgery. Your specialist will discuss all available options with you and accompany you on your journey to losing weight and developing a healthy, active lifestyle. Ongoing counselling and support will help you reach your goals and maintain your new lifestyle and weight.

Request an appointment with an endocrinologist today.

[1] Foo LL, Vijaya K, Sloan RA, Ling A. Obesity prevention and management: Singapore’s experience. Obes Rev. 2013 Nov;14 Suppl 2:106-13. doi:10.1111/obr.12092.